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rle2img.cxx

/*=========================================================================

  Program: GDCM (Grassroots DICOM). A DICOM library
  Module:  $URL$

  Copyright (c) 2006-2009 Mathieu Malaterre
  All rights reserved.
  See Copyright.txt or http://gdcm.sourceforge.net/Copyright.html for details.

     This software is distributed WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even
     the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
     PURPOSE.  See the above copyright notice for more information.

=========================================================================*/
/*
 * This example shows how to rewrite a ELSCINT1/PMSCT_RLE1 compressed
 * image so that it is readable by most 3rd party software (DICOM does
 * not specify this particular encoding).
 * This is required for the sake of interoperability with any standard
 * conforming DICOM system.
 * 
 * Everything done in this code is for the sole purpose of writing interoperable 
 * software under Sect. 1201 (f) Reverse Engineering exception of the DMCA.
 * If you believe anything in this code violates any law or any of your rights, 
 * please contact us (gdcm-developers@lists.sourceforge.net) so that we can 
 * find a solution. 
 *
 * Everything you do with this code is at your own risk, since decompression
 * algorithm was not written from specification documents.
 *
 * Special thanks to:
 * Mauro Maiorca for bringing to our attention on this new ELSCINT1 
 * compression algorithm : PMSCT_RLE1 (different from the 'LOSSLESS RICE')
 * See post at:
 * http://groups.google.com/group/comp.protocols.dicom/msg/f2b99bf706a7f8ca
 * 
 * Thanks to Jesus Spinola, for more datasets,
 * http://www.itk.org/pipermail/insight-users/2008-April/025571.html
 *
 * And last but not least, a very big thank to Ivo van Poorten, without
 * whom we would still be looking at this compressed byte stream as if
 * it was RLE compressed.
 */
#include "gdcmReader.h"
#include "gdcmPrivateTag.h"
#include "gdcmAttribute.h"
#include "gdcmImageWriter.h"

/* FIXME: Why is PhilipsLosslessRice.dcm a 512x512 image ... */
void delta_decode(const char *inbuffer, size_t length, std::vector<unsigned short> &output)
{
  // RLE pass
  std::vector<char> temp;
  for(size_t i = 0; i < length; ++i)
    {
    if( inbuffer[i] == (char)0xa5 )
      {
      //unsigned char repeat = (unsigned char)inbuffer[i+1] + 1;
      //assert( (unsigned char)inbuffer[i+1] != 255 );
      int repeat = (unsigned char)inbuffer[i+1] + 1;
      char value = inbuffer[i+2];
      while(repeat)
        {
        temp.push_back( value );
        --repeat;
        }
      i+=2;
      }
    else
      {
      temp.push_back( inbuffer[i] );
      }
    }

  // Delta encoding pass
  unsigned short delta = 0;
  for(size_t i = 0; i < temp.size(); ++i)
    {
    if( temp[i] == 0x5a )
      {
      unsigned char v1 = (unsigned char)temp[i+1];
      unsigned char v2 = (unsigned char)temp[i+2];
      int value = v2 * 256 + v1;
      output.push_back( value );
      delta = value;
      i+=2;
      }
    else
      {
      int value = temp[i] + delta;
      output.push_back( value );
      delta = value;
      }
    //assert( output[output.size()-1] == ref[output.size()-1] );
    }

  if ( output.size() % 2 )
    {
    output.resize( output.size() - 1 );
    }
  std::cout << length << " -> " << output.size() * 2 << std::endl;
}

int main(int argc, char *argv [])
{
  if( argc < 2 ) return 1;
  const char *filename = argv[1];
  gdcm::Reader reader;
  reader.SetFileName( filename );
  if( !reader.Read() )
    {
    std::cerr << "Failed to read: " << filename << std::endl;
    return 1;
    }
  const gdcm::DataSet& ds = reader.GetFile().GetDataSet();

  // (07a1,1011) CS [PMSCT_RLE1]                                       # 10,1 Tamar Compression Type
  const gdcm::PrivateTag tcompressiontype(0x07a1,0x0011,"ELSCINT1");
  if( !ds.FindDataElement( tcompressiontype ) ) return 1;
  const gdcm::DataElement& compressiontype = ds.GetDataElement( tcompressiontype );
  if ( compressiontype.IsEmpty() ) return 1;
  const gdcm::ByteValue * bv = compressiontype.GetByteValue();
  std::string comp = "PMSCT_RLE1";
  if( strncmp( bv->GetPointer(), comp.c_str(), comp.size() ) != 0 ) return 1;
  
  const gdcm::PrivateTag tcompressedpixeldata(0x07a1,0x000a,"ELSCINT1");
  if( !ds.FindDataElement( tcompressedpixeldata) ) return 1;
  const gdcm::DataElement& compressionpixeldata = ds.GetDataElement( tcompressedpixeldata);
  if ( compressionpixeldata.IsEmpty() ) return 1;
  const gdcm::ByteValue * bv2 = compressionpixeldata.GetByteValue();

  std::vector<unsigned short> buffer;
  delta_decode(bv2->GetPointer(), bv2->GetLength(), buffer);

  gdcm::DataElement pixeldata( gdcm::Tag(0x7fe0,0x0010) );
  pixeldata.SetVR( gdcm::VR::OW );
  pixeldata.SetByteValue( (char*)&buffer[0], buffer.size() * sizeof( unsigned short ) );
  // TODO we should check that decompress byte buffer match the expected size (row*col*...)

  // Add the pixel data element
  reader.GetFile().GetDataSet().Replace( pixeldata );

  gdcm::Writer writer;
  writer.SetFile( reader.GetFile() );

  // Cleanup stuff:
  // remove the compressed pixel data:
  // FIXME: should I remove more private tags ? all of them ?
  // oh well this is just an example
  // use gdcm::Anonymizer::RemovePrivateTags if needed...
  writer.GetFile().GetDataSet().Remove( compressionpixeldata.GetTag() );
  std::string outfilename;
  if (argc > 2)
     outfilename = argv[2];
  else
     outfilename = "outrle.dcm";
  writer.SetFileName( outfilename.c_str() );
  if( !writer.Write() )
    {
    std::cerr << "Failed to write" << std::endl;
    return 1;
    }

  std::cout << "success !" << std::endl;

  return 0;
}


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