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gdcmVR.cxx

/*=========================================================================

  Program: GDCM (Grassroots DICOM). A DICOM library
  Module:  $URL$

  Copyright (c) 2006-2010 Mathieu Malaterre
  All rights reserved.
  See Copyright.txt or http://gdcm.sourceforge.net/Copyright.html for details.

     This software is distributed WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even
     the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
     PURPOSE.  See the above copyright notice for more information.

=========================================================================*/
#include "gdcmVR.h"
#include <algorithm> // for std::lower_bound
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>

namespace gdcm
{

static const char *VRStrings[] = {
  "??",        // 0
  "AE",        // 1 
  "AS",        // 2
  "AT",        // 3
  "CS",        // 4
  "DA",        // 5
  "DS",        // 6
  "DT",        // 7
  "FD",        // 8
  "FL",        // 9
  "IS",        // 10
  "LO",        // 11
  "LT",        // 12
  "OB",        // 13
  "OF",        // 14
  "OW",        // 15
  "PN",        // 16
  "SH",        // 17
  "SL",        // 18
  "SQ",        // 19
  "SS",        // 20
  "ST",        // 21
  "TM",        // 22
  "UI",        // 23
  "UL",        // 24
  "UN",        // 25
  "US",        // 26
  "UT",        // 27
  "OB or OW",  // 28
  "US or SS",  // 29
  "US or SS or OW", //30
  0
};

static VR::VRType VRValue[] = {
    VR::INVALID ,
    VR::AE ,
    VR::AS ,
    VR::AT ,
    VR::CS ,
    VR::DA ,
    VR::DS ,
    VR::DT ,
    VR::FD ,
    VR::FL ,
    VR::IS ,
    VR::LO ,
    VR::LT ,
    VR::OB ,
    VR::OF ,
    VR::OW ,
    VR::PN ,
    VR::SH ,
    VR::SL ,
    VR::SQ ,
    VR::SS ,
    VR::ST ,
    VR::TM ,
    VR::UI ,
    VR::UL ,
    VR::UN ,
    VR::US ,
    VR::UT
};

bool VR::IsVRFile() const
{
  switch(VRField)
    {
  case VR::INVALID:
  case VR::AE:
  case VR::AS:
  case VR::AT:
  case VR::CS:
  case VR::DA:
  case VR::DS:
  case VR::DT:
  case VR::FD:
  case VR::FL:
  case VR::IS:
  case VR::LO:
  case VR::LT:
  case VR::OB:
  case VR::OF:
  case VR::OW:
  case VR::PN:
  case VR::SH:
  case VR::SL:
  case VR::SQ:
  case VR::SS:
  case VR::ST:
  case VR::TM:
  case VR::UI:
  case VR::UL:
  case VR::UN:
  case VR::US:
  case VR::UT:
    return true;
    }
  return false;
}


unsigned int VR::GetSizeof() const
{
  unsigned int size;
  // Question: Should I move all ASCII type VR down to the bottom ?
  switch(VRField)
    {
  case VR::AE:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::AE>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::AS:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::AS>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::AT:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::AT>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::CS:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::CS>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::DA:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::DA>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::DS:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::DS>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::DT:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::DT>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::FD:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::FD>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::FL:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::FL>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::IS:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::IS>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::LO:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::LO>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::LT:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::LT>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::OB:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::OB>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::OF:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::OF>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::OW:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::OW>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::PN:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::PN>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::SH:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::SH>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::SL:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::SL>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::SQ:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::SQ>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::SS:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::SS>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::ST:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::ST>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::TM:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::TM>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::UI:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::UI>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::UL:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::UL>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::UN:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::UN>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::US:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::US>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::UT:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::UT>::Type);
    break;
  case VR::US_SS:
    size = sizeof(VRToType<VR::US>::Type); // why not ?
    break;
  default:
    size = 0;
    }
  assert( size );
  return size;
}

int VR::GetIndex(VRType vr)
{
  assert( vr <= VR_END );
  int l;
  switch(vr)
    {
  case INVALID:
    l = 0;
    break;
  case OB_OW:
    l =  28;
    break;
  case US_SS:
    l =  29;
    break;
  case US_SS_OW:
    l =  30;
    break;
  case VR_END:
    l = 31;
    break;
  default:
      {
      int a = (int)vr;
      for (l = 0; a > 1; ++l)
        a >>= 1;
      l++;
      }
    }
  return l;
}

const char *VR::GetVRString(VRType vr)
{
  int idx = GetIndex(vr);
  return VRStrings[idx];
}

const char *VR::GetVRStringFromFile(VRType vr)
{
#if 1
  static const int N = sizeof(VRValue) / sizeof(VRType);
  assert( N == 28 );
  static VRType *start = VRValue;
  static VRType *end   = VRValue+N;
  const VRType *p =
    std::lower_bound(start, end, vr);
  assert( *p == vr );
  assert( (p - start) == GetIndex(vr) );
  return VRStrings[p-start];
#else
  int idx = GetIndex(vr);
  return VRStrings[idx];
#endif
}

class MySort
{
public:
  bool operator() (const char *a, const char *b)
    {
    if( a[0] == b[0] )
      return a[1] < b[1];
    return a[0] < b[0];
    }
};

// Optimized version for transforming a read VR from DICOM file
// into a VRType (does not support OB_OW for instance)
VR::VRType VR::GetVRTypeFromFile(const char *vr)
{
/*
 * You need to compile with -DNDEBUG
 * Running TestReader on gdcmData, leads to 2.2% improvement
 */
#if 1
  static const int N = sizeof(VRValue) / sizeof(VRType);
  assert( N == 28 );
  static const char **start = VRStrings+1;
  static const char **end   = VRStrings+N;
  //std::cerr << "VR=" << vr << std::endl;
  const char **p =
    std::lower_bound(start, end, vr, MySort());
  if( (*p)[0] != vr[0] || (*p)[1] != vr[1] )
    {
    return VR::INVALID;
    }
  assert( (*p)[0] == vr[0] && (*p)[1] == vr[1] );
  VRType r = VRValue[p-start+1];
  assert( r == (VR::VRType)(1 << (p-start)) );
#else // old version not optimized
  VRType r = VR::VR_END;
  for (int i = 1; VRStrings[i] != NULL; i++)
    {
    const char *ref = VRStrings[i];
    // Use lazy evaluation instead of strncmp
    if (ref[0] == vr[0] && ref[1] == vr[1] )
      {
      r = (VR::VRType)(1 << (i-1));
      break;
      }
    }
#endif
  // postcondition
  assert( r != VR::INVALID
       && r != VR::OB_OW
       && r != VR::US_SS
       && r != VR::US_SS_OW
       && r != VR::VR_END );
  return r;
}

VR::VRType VR::GetVRType(const char *vr)
{
  VRType r = VR::VR_END;
  if(!vr) return r;
  for (int i = 0; VRStrings[i] != NULL; i++)
    //if (strncmp(VRStrings[i],vr, strlen(VRStrings[i])) == 0)
    if (strcmp(VRStrings[i],vr) == 0)
      {
      switch(i)
        {
      case 0:
        r = INVALID;
        break;
      case 28:
        r = OB_OW;
        break;
      case 29:
        r = US_SS;
        break;
      case 30:
        r = US_SS_OW;
        break;
      case 31:
        r = VR_END; assert(0);
        break;
      default:
        assert( vr[2] == 0 );
        r = (VR::VRType)(1 << (i-1));
        }
      break; // found one value, we can exit the for loop
      }

  return r;
}

bool VR::IsValid(const char *vr)
{
  for (int i = 1; VRStrings[i] != NULL; i++)
    {
    const char *ref = VRStrings[i];
    // Use lazy evaluation instead of strncmp
    if (ref[0] == vr[0] && ref[1] == vr[1] )
      {
      assert( i < 28 ); // FIXME
      return true;
      }
    }
  return false;
}

bool VR::IsValid(const char *vr1, VRType vr2)
{
  assert( strlen(vr1) == 2 );
  VR::VRType vr = GetVRType(vr1);
  return (bool)(vr & vr2);
}

bool VR::IsSwap(const char *vr)
{
  assert( vr[2] == '\0' );
  char vr_swap[3];
  vr_swap[0] = vr[1];
  vr_swap[1] = vr[0];
  vr_swap[2] = '\0';
  assert( GetVRType(vr_swap) != SS );
  return GetVRType(vr_swap) != VR_END;
}

#define VRTemplateCase(type, rep) \
  case VR::type: \
    return (VR::VRType)VRToEncoding<VR::type>::Mode  \
       == VR::rep;
#define VRTemplate(rep) \
VRTemplateCase(AE,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(AS,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(AT,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(CS,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(DA,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(DS,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(DT,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(FL,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(FD,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(IS,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(LO,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(LT,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(OB,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(OF,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(OW,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(PN,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(SH,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(SL,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(SQ,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(SS,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(ST,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(TM,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(UI,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(UL,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(UN,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(US,rep) \
VRTemplateCase(UT,rep)

bool VR::IsASCII(VRType vr)
{
  //assert( vr != VR::INVALID );
  switch(vr)
    {
    VRTemplate(VRASCII)
  default:
      // 1.3.12.2.1107.5.1.4.54035.30000005100516290423400005768-no-phi.dcm has a VR=RT
      //assert(0);
      return false;
    }
}

bool VR::IsASCII2(VRType vr)
{
  assert( vr != VR::INVALID );
  return
    vr == AE ||
    vr == AS ||
    vr == CS ||
    vr == DA ||
    vr == DS ||
    vr == DT ||
    vr == IS ||
    vr == LO ||
    vr == LT ||
    vr == PN ||
    vr == SH ||
    vr == ST ||
    vr == TM ||
    vr == UI;
}

bool VR::IsBinary(VRType vr)
{
  //assert( vr != VR::INVALID );
  switch(vr)
    {
    VRTemplate(VRBINARY)
// TODO FIXME FIXME:
  case US_SS_OW:
    return true;
  case US_SS:
    return true;
  case OB_OW:
    return true;
  default:
      // 1.3.12.2.1107.5.1.4.54035.30000005100516290423400005768-no-phi.dcm has a VR=RT
      //assert(0);
      return false;
    }
}

bool VR::IsBinary2(VRType vr)
{
  //assert( vr != OF );
  return 
    vr == OB ||
    vr == OW ||
    vr == OB_OW ||
    vr == UN ||
    vr == SQ ;
}

bool VR::CanDisplay(VRType vr)
{
  return 
    vr == AE ||
    vr == AS ||
    vr == AT ||
    vr == CS ||
    vr == DA ||
    vr == DS ||
    vr == FL ||
    vr == FD ||
    vr == IS ||
    vr == LO ||
    vr == LT ||
    vr == PN ||
    vr == SH ||
    vr == SL ||
    vr == SS ||
    vr == ST ||
    vr == TM ||
    vr == UI ||
    vr == UL ||
    vr == US ||
    vr == UT;
}

bool VR::Compatible(VR const &vr) const
{
  //if( VRField == VR::INVALID && vr.VRField == VR::INVALID ) return true;
  if( vr.VRField == VR::INVALID ) return true;
  else if( vr.VRField == VR::UN ) return true;
  else return VRField & vr.VRField;
}

bool VR::IsDual() const
{
  switch(VRField)
    {
  case OB_OW :
  case US_SS :
  case US_SS_OW :
    return true;
    }
  return false;
}


} // end of namespace gdcm

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